Dysplasia (Greek. Dys – prefix, meaning a deviation from the norm, Greek. Plasis – formation, formation, dysplasia – developmental disruption). Hip dysplasia (TPD) is a common disease. It was first discovered in dogs in the United States more than 50 years ago. A few years later, it was proved that dysplasia is caused by hereditary factors inherent in many breeds. Hip dysplasia is more common in large fast-growing dogs, which are characterized by a large mass and powerful physique. Both sexes are equally affected by this disease, St. Bernards, Newfoundlands, Molosses, Bernese Shepherds, Rottweilers, German Shepherds and Boxers are especially prone to dysplasia. According to statistics, this pathology is widespread, and in the absence of control measures, the frequency of its occurrence can reach 70% among these breeds.
Currently, this pathology is assessed from the standpoint of the integration effect of exo- and endogenous factors, Continue reading
In most dogs, disorders are not clinically apparent, but it cannot be considered that apparently healthy dogs are free of dysplasia. Joint pain is manifested only with a severe form of the disease. It should be borne in mind that this pathology can be transmitted through 14 generations. Many countries have anti-HD programs. The main difficulties arise in the diagnosis, a clear definition of the degree of the disease. The only effective measure to combat hip dysplasia in dogs is the rejection of identified sick animals from breeding.
According to various sources, HD heritability ranges from 60 to 20%, but the most extensive studies indicate that it averages 25-35%. When mating defective parents, the probability of getting sick offspring increases by 2 times.
It does not make sense to immediately harshly exclude all sick dogs from breeding – you also cannot Continue reading
Prepare in advance for your puppy a place where he will sleep. Place it away from batteries and drafts, not in the aisle, so that the baby feels calm. A small puppy can be put on a regular mattress. For an adult dog, it is advisable to make a special trestle bed (60 x 90 cm in size) on legs about 20 cm high (this way you will protect your pet from drafts, and it will be more convenient for you to clean).
It’s not at all difficult to accustom a puppy to cleanliness. As a rule, he chooses a certain place in the apartment as his toilet. Cover the entire floor with newspapers and wait for your baby to do his job. Praise him, you can reward some goodies. Gradually, the puppy will learn to go to the toilet only in this place and you can only lay newspapers there. Continue reading