The laborer’s easy gait is largely dependent on the condition of the claws. If the dog walks a lot on asphalt or other hard ground, the claws grind by themselves. But with a constant walk on a soft surface (snow, sand, grass), the nails grow very much, the paw cannot assemble into a “lump”, it becomes flat, which causes great inconvenience. It is convenient to cut the nails with a special nail clipper, and if it is not, then with ordinary nippers. Usually it is enough to cut the claws once a week, they are shortened to a small length so as not to touch the blood vessel and nerve inside the claw. Strongly grown claws should Continue reading
Vaccination is the only effective way to deal with a whole range of infectious diseases of dogs. It is especially important for puppies and older animals. Dogs are usually vaccinated against rabies, plague, hepatitis, parvo and coronavirus enteritis, parainfluenza and leptospirosis. Rabies vaccination is required by law and is required to obtain veterinary certificates and certificates. All information about the vaccinations is entered in the veterinary passport, which is issued by the veterinarian with the type of vaccine, the date of vaccination and the registration number in the vaccination log. This is especially important if you plan to participate in exhibitions or plan to travel with your pet around the country or abroad.
Today, both individual vaccines against each of the listed diseases have been created, as well as multivalent Continue reading
George A. Pagett, an outstanding veterinarian and geneticist, suggested that breeders, as an urgent and priority task, set priorities in the fight against hereditary diseases. He meant that the higher the mortality and severity of the disease, the more intensively the selection against him should be conducted. The intensity of selection should also be determined by the frequency of the defective gene (s) in the population. Of course, the success of the fight depends on the availability of genetic diagnostic methods. Recently, dog breeders have at their disposal another sign for selecting pairs or choosing producers – this is the presence of a dog’s certificate of passed genetic tests. Breeders were and remain custodians of breeds. And the well-being of the breeds, and sometimes the continuation of their existence, largely depends on how they can manage the information that the tests provide them. “First of all, do no harm” – the first commandment of medicine, which remains central in this case. Genetic tests are a powerful tool, and their use can lead to significant, both positive and negative changes in the gene pool of the breed. That is why George Pagett spent more than one year of his life collecting data on the manifestation of hereditary diseases in dogs and test results for all breeds, for this he wrote his book, which appeared in Russia after the death of the author. Continue reading