Labrador Retriever (Labrador)
Standard: FCI No. 122.
Belongs to the group: Race-like >> Pointing dogs >> Retriever << Newfoundlands << Dog-like.
Homeland: Great Britain.
DESCRIPTION. Strongly knocked down, compact, muscular dog. The height at the withers for the male is 56-57 cm, for the female – 54-56 (according to the American standard – males 57-62, female 55-59 cm). The head is wide in the cranial part. Ears are small, hanging, located slightly behind. The neck is powerful, strong. The chest is deep and wide, the lower back is short, strong. Paws are round, compact, leathery membranes between the fingers. The tail is the hallmark of the breed, thick at the base, gradually tapering, evenly covered with dense hair, resembles the tail of an otter. Horizontal set, slightly above the hock. The coat is short, dense, straight, stiff, water-repellent, the undercoat is well developed. Color: fawn (from light cream to dark red), black and chocolate. A small white spot on the chest is acceptable.
Excerpts from the standard.
From the history of the breed. They were brought to the UK by fishermen from Newfoundland in the 30s of the last century. In those days, their work was reduced to pulling the networks ashore. General form. Strong build, strong, dense, compact active dog with excellent working qualities: a fresh hunter and game carrier, a guide dog, used as a search and rescue dog, as well as a companion dog. His working qualities, intelligent, calm character, beautiful appearance and elegance, love for children and obedience, short, tight-fitting coat made him famous all over the world as a dog-friend and domestic dog.
Sexual type. Well expressed. Males are larger, more courageous, with a more powerful skeleton and a more massive head. Females are smaller, easier to build.
Features of behavior and character. The character is balanced, calm, good-natured, sociable, obedient.
Type of constitution. Strong. The backbone is strong, the muscles are well developed, strong, the skin is elastic, tight-fitting.
Height. The height at the withers of the males is 55-57 cm, the female is 52-55 cm. The weight of the male dogs is 27-34 kg, the female is 25-31 kg.
Format. Square. The format index is 102-104.
Coat. The coat is short, thick, tight-fitting, stiff to the touch, straight. The undercoat is short, thick, soft.
Color. Solid black, chocolate (from light reeds) and yellow (from red fox to light cream, with a richer tone on the ears, lower part of the body and under the tail). A small white bore or starlet on the chest is allowed.
Disqualifying Vices. One- or two-way cryptorchidism. Snack or overshot, absence of 4 any teeth in any combination. Non-standard color. Depigmentation of the nose, eyelids, lips. Male growth is lower than 52.5 cm or higher than 59.5 cm, for females – lower than 49.5 cm or higher than 57.5 cm.
HISTORY. The exact origin of one of the most popular breeds in the world – the Labrador has not been established, but it is known that the dogs of the North American Indians were the ancestors of the Labrador. They swim and dive perfectly, in those days their main application was to help fishermen pull out nets. For the first time, Europeans saw dogs of an unknown breed on the island of Newfoundland (Canada) at the beginning of the 19th century and named them Newfoundlands of St. John’s. They were irreplaceable helpers: they helped in fishing, saved people in a storm, transported carts with cargo, and on game brought game from the water. In 1830 they were introduced to the UK, where they became popular as field hunting dogs and game aportirovskih. In the process of breed formation, pointers and some other dogs were used. By 1870, the breed Labrador Retriever was formed. In 1903, it was recognized as an independent English Club of Dog Breeding.
The history of breeding of all Labradors existing today can be traced along three lines in English or Scottish noble families. For the first time the name “Labrador Retriever” was officially introduced only at the beginning of the 20th century, and the breed got its standard. The oldest photo depicting a Labrador Retriever dates back to 1867 – looking at this picture, you can immediately notice how small the differences are between that Labrador and today’s “dual-purpose” type of Labrador Retriever (a dog that can be used not only for hunting, but and present at the exhibition).
USING. Labradors are known for their intelligence and versatile giftedness. Thanks to their extremely sharp instinct and passion for porting, Labradors are used as service dogs. They have many professions: they are used in draft work, on hunting, at customs, they are looking for drugs and explosives, they work in mountain, water, and rescue services. The balanced nature and innate prudence of the Labrador is most suitable for working as a guide for the blind – in the world 80% of guide dogs are Labradors. And most importantly – this is a reliable and obedient dog, a devoted and intelligent companion.