Passion for dysplasia
Hip dysplasia in dogs is a problem that affects at least three categories of people.
These are veterinarians (orthopedists, surgeons, genetics, physiologists) involved in the detection of dysplasia, its diagnosis, treatment, and making recommendations for raising healthy animals. Considering the experience accumulated by dog handlers, they put forward (and then correct!) Assumptions about the causes of dysplasia.
These are dog handlers (breeders, breeders) involved in the compilation (taking into account the recommendations of geneticists) and the implementation of breeding programs aimed at reducing the frequency of this trait in dog breeds, compiling and bringing to the general public dog breeders recommendations for raising healthy animals (and checking the effectiveness of these recommendations, too )
It is the breeders themselves who want to know how to raise a healthy dog, what needs to be done to establish the correct diagnosis, what is the likelihood of this disease in the beloved dog and what to do if she is nevertheless diagnosed with dysplasia. Now, when we are increasingly publishing materials on this problem, when in many breeds, dog handlers demand that ordinary dog breeders have a mandatory “shot for dysplasia”, this topic is causing more and more interest. Sometimes a puppy’s buyer already asks by phone: “What about your dysplasia?”, Although, apparently, it is far from always clear what it is.
The path that has been taken to research and overcome this disease over the past half century, the path from a “hereditary disease” to what was even tried to be called a “millennium error in veterinary medicine”, is a common path for people of all these three categories. Without their close cooperation, without their mutual assistance, without the exchange of accumulated information, without their mutual criticism, the progress that we are witnessing all over the world (where we deal with this problem) would never have been achieved in this area.
All these categories of people: veterinarians, dog handlers, dog breeders, can overlap to one degree or another. I personally relate to the last two. Dog handlers around the world have been dealing with their aspects of this problem for at least fifty years, and the material they have accumulated is very valuable. In this article, without touching on the problems of the actual diagnosis (this is the prerogative of veterinarians), I will try to talk about dysplasia precisely from the point of view of dog training, and the experience of dog handlers, I emphasize once again, has accumulated enormous.
They say that a problem of practical importance after its discovery goes through three stages: the interest of scientific researchers, the interest of a wide range of practitioners, and, finally, the attention of the general public.
This also happens with hip dysplasia – after all, this is precisely what dog breeders and veterinarians have in mind when speaking of dysplasia.
Forty years with dysplasia – and after all, someone longer (instead of introducing).
I first met her almost forty years ago, when with trembling hands I opened the journal “Der Hund” (“Dog” – German) taken out of the mailbox. These were the times when, with the exception of the heading, in the journal “Hunting and Hunting Economy” we did not have cynological periodicals. The subject of attention and discussion of the entire dog breeding population of the country were any publications in the press. For example, a snapshot of a service dog with a counselor for Border Guard Day, and even just the word “dog” published in any context. All this was carefully cut out and folded into a daddy with ribbons – for the soul and as the basis of future home cynological libraries. So an entire magazine, dedicated only to dogs, accidentally discovered in the subscription catalog, was perceived as something incomprehensibly luxurious: how many photographs alone!
But the resulting “treasury of knowledge” brought a riddle: something denoted by the letters HD. This same “HD” seems to have already been discussed and has become an everyday occurrence in the dog life of the GDR. So to decipher the mysterious abbreviation, I needed efforts comparable almost with the efforts of Champiglion to decipher the Egyptian hieroglyphs. Over time, it turned out that HD means Hueftgelenkdysplasie, that is, it turned out Dysplasie of the hip joints (hip dysplasia – English). And what is Dysplasie managed to find out only from medical specialists in the musculoskeletal system. It turned out that dysplasia is a violation of development, a violation of formation.
Then, in the mid-60s, only “human” doctors dealt with the problems of dysplasia, she was unfamiliar to our practical veterinarians.
Meanwhile, dog hip dysplasia was “discovered” by an American doctor, Gary Schnelle, back in 1935. Then they considered that it had no practical value. But the Second World War put forward its requirements for endurance and other physical qualities of military dogs and showed that this is not so. After the war in the US, numerous surveys of the canine “army contingent” were conducted. The results caused a shock.