Labrador Puppy Care Instructions
Puppy training begins from the moment when he is brought to a new home. First of all, the puppy is introduced to new people, animals and sounds, accustomed to cleanliness, left alone at home, taught to walk on a leash and chew only permitted items. The puppy is also trained to keep in touch with other dogs or people, if they go towards you, do not pay attention to cyclists passing by or to kids having fun. In addition to these practical skills, the puppy should also be taught the commands: “to me”, “place”, “next to”, “sit”, “lie” and “stand”, as well as contact with a look. With these commands you can control the dog in all situations. To train your puppy with new teams, you need to motivate them. No dog will execute the commands you give just because you want it. All dogs (like people, however) are looking for their own benefits in all actions. The benefit of the dog is to go for a walk and get food, play to be scratched or paid attention. For this reason, the dog believes that you are the most important person in the world: you are the only one who can offer her this. If, nevertheless, in order to go for a walk, she scratches the door, squeals to get food, invades you or jumps on you to scratch her, and makes you play with her, bringing toys to your feet, then wait for problems . In this case, it is not you who decides what your dog does, but the dog decides what you do. In a few years, problems will appear in various situations. You will want to walk past other dogs, and your dog will begin to bark, pull on the leash, wanting to greet or fight with all the dogs they meet. You will want to drive the dirty dog out of bed, and the dog will growl at you and may even bite if you try to drive it away. Therefore, start the upbringing with a puppy: food, walk, affection, a lot of praise and games, but only with your submission.
Accustoming to society is one of the most important issues for a little puppy. The time spent on teaching the puppy to society will come back a hundredfold to you later. This is a great time to teach your puppy to perceive the world as a normal and familiar place to live. A dog that is not accustomed to the society of people and other dogs is a difficult companion for life. She does not recognize other people or dogs and easily becomes aggressive.
Teach your puppy under the age of 4 months to:
Other people: infants, children, adults, the elderly, men and women.
To people in various clothes: glasses, hat, uniform, cloak, helmet.
To people moving in various ways: limping, crawling, running, moving on four wheels, walking with a stick, moving in a wheelchair or bicycle.
To other dogs: small, medium-sized, large, adults, males and females.
To other animals: horses, cows, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, lambs, etc.
To various vehicles and vehicles
To appliances that make a sound, such as a washing machine, vacuum cleaner, grass clipper.
To a large crowd of people: holidays, shopping centers, exhibitions, dog competitions.
To ride the elevator and walk up the stairs, walk on slippery floors, in underground garages, to linen fluttering in the wind, shooting, etc.
If you do not teach the puppy to act in these circumstances, then he will come up with the standards of behavior in accordance with his own idea (barking, growling, tearing, numb), and this often does not meet the owner’s wishes. Do not arrange “program numbers” from new situations, but react to them yourself as passively and calmly as possible, as the puppy monitors your reaction. If the puppy is scared, do not be afraid to lead the puppy out of a traumatic situation. Reward and pay attention to the puppy, always when he shows courage, not cowardice.
From the very beginning, the puppy should be accustomed to caring for him. He should get used to combing his fur coat, brushing his teeth and washing, rubbing his legs, cutting his nails and brushing his ears, checking his eyes and teeth. The dog must allow itself to be raised and accustomed to staying in place when examined. When you teach your puppy to care, do not hold it too hard. Hold a reward in one hand, and with your other hand raise your lips and examine your teeth or gums at a time when the puppy is trying to catch a reward. Try to inspect the ears, wipe the paws and comb it in the same way. All forcibly performed actions are unpleasant for the dog, and she tries to avoid them.
Trim the dog’s nails first while she is sleeping. If she wakes up and tries to run away or starts to break free, then release her only after she calms down. Once a puppy breaks out, he will always try to repeat this and every time more and more. Bring the scissors to the nails, but do not cut, praise the puppy for his courage and let go. If the puppy wakes up, it is better to trim a few nails this time so that it does not last forever for the puppy.