Labrador training is something! This is a whole palette of all kinds of methods and means of influence, motivation, coercion, encouragement. Labrador combines the energy of a German shepherd, the stubbornness of an airedale, the rigidity of a rottweiler and the soft suppleness of a setter. Each individual is a personality; unique, absolutely individual, with its own ratio of all these qualities.
Labrador – one of the few dogs that poses you with a completely unexpected choice – to train or not to train. The fact is that a good psyche and well-mannered Labrador is so good in his behavior and easy to handle that the elementary skills “sit”, “place”, “to me” do not cause any difficulties in their development, and others honestly saying simply not required. Agree that a clear differentiation of the complex command of obedience, long exposures, impeccable aporting in everyday life are not so necessary. Another thing is discipline. If you want to be 100% sure of your dog’s obedience, and the accuracy of its commands is a matter of special pride for you, or you need to pass diploma tests for examination in the working class, then you need to be serious about training.
Do not overload this publication with elementary truths. Get any training manual and read the list of training methods and ways to influence your dog. The most convenient and effective method of training is a contrasting, colloquially called “carrot and stick method.”
Just replace the whip with a leash and a jerk chain, and the gingerbread with a piece of dry biscuit or dog food like “Pedigree” or “Royal Canin”.
And then we slightly move our brains and recall the school course of physiology: “the conditioned reflex is the body’s response to irritation with the participation of the nervous system.” The body in this case is your dog, irritation is your commands and influences, and everyone knows what the nervous system is. The main conditions for proper training are: a) a reasonable technique for constructing receptions; b) patience and consistency in their implementation; c) the right time and place of employment; d) a sufficient number of repetitions. We will not talk about accustoming to a nickname, a collar and a leash – this does not cause difficulties for anyone; Of course, if the puppy has one nickname, and his first collar is not a “strict” with 5 cm spikes. A little puppy is unlikely to play with a leash, tearing it and pulling it out of your hands. It is easy to wean a teenager out of this with the usual prohibition: strict “fu!” and a jerk with a leash or a slap to them in the face. You can temporarily replace the leash with a chain, lovers can’t play it.
TO ME. To approach the owner on command, the puppy learns while walking. Choose the moment when the puppy is not busy with his “affairs”, call him by the nickname so that he looks in your direction, and then say the command: “Come to me!” and do what attracts the puppy to you: bend down and pat yourself on your knees, sit down, smack, whistle – anything you want, but so that he runs to you. While the puppy is on the way, take a piece of the treat out of his pocket and show him to the puppy, this will increase his speed. As soon as the puppy runs up, give him a treat, pet, play with him, holding him for a few seconds next to him, and then let him go, saying: “Walk!”. Do this during the walk several times, and not only when you are going to go home, and repeat every day until your dog runs to you at the first call.
If you have problems: the growing puppy will be overly interested in dogs, cats, smells or just stubborn, use a long leash. The “to me” command is accompanied by a jerk of the leash, and if this is not enough, pull the dog towards you, sorting the leash. When the puppy is a meter away from you, repeat the command and jerk. Praise the approached dog affection, a treat. A long leash can be replaced with the usual 1.5-2 meter, releasing the dog with it. If the dog does not fit, but does not run away, you can step on the end of the leash; the rest is a matter of technology.
Never punish a dog if she ran away, became stubborn, did something, but then nevertheless came up on command. She will not associate punishment with an offense, but with the execution of a command and will cease to fulfill it. If you should punish the dog, catch it by the leash without calling, or let it catch someone else and bring it to you.
For a wayward puppy who does not want to leave the company of other dogs, your calls are completely meaningless: “I’m leaving, I went home,” etc. It is better to ask the owners of other dogs to catch your puppy and hold it by the collar. Come, fasten the leash and act as described earlier. Be sure to praise the approached dog, even if you do not want to do it at all; at the time when you call him, the puppy is staring somewhere or sniffing and pretends not to hear, throw a curled lead, chain, pebble at him, aiming in the middle of the body. When he finally draws attention to you, sit down, pat, etc.