Of course, the dog’s life is not limited to the walls of your house. If you want your Labrador to be a really convenient companion, not a burden, you need to teach him to feel comfortable in any environment from childhood. With a 4-5 month old puppy, you need to make long walks on a leash through the streets of the city so that the dog is not confused by strangers, moving vehicles, noise, vanity, unfamiliar smells and sounds. All this puppy should be taught first in small doses: walk to the tobacco kiosk or bus stop and return to your yard or park, where you constantly walk. Then go to a busy street, approach the road along which a stream of cars moves, etc. Even if you have your own car, you should not be limited to traveling only in it. Teach your puppy to get on the bus, tram without fear of rattling and shaking. If the puppy is shy, insecure, take it in your hands or sit down next to it, stroke it, calm it down, give a piece of goodies. If the puppy is very afraid of something, train it gradually, first showing from afar, then coming closer. Inside the public transport, the dog should sit quietly or lie at your feet or under the seat. Place it so that passing people do not step on its tail or paw. A well-bred, quietly sitting dog will not cause inconvenience to you or others; any trips and trips will be possible in the company of a dog, and this is exactly what you both strive for.
When moving on a leash, the dog should be easily controlled with its help. A dog pulling a leash with all its strength, wheezing on a strict collar or noose, as well as stubborn and unwilling to walk, is a sad sight. The younger the puppy, the easier it is to teach him to walk on a leash, do not neglect this opportunity, even if your dog walks perfectly without a leash and does not move a step away from you. Do not let your pet throw barking at people or other dogs. Any attempts should be stopped by a strict shout: “fu!” and a jerk of a leash. It is very dangerous to bark at chasing cars. You must be punished for this. When moving around the city, the dog simply should not pay attention to anything or anyone.
Bearing in mind the Labrador’s temperament, find a suitable company for him from dogs approximately equal in age and strength to him, excluding from this company dogs with dubious health and those that can offend a puppy. Let him get the opportunity to run and play with them, realize his interest in his own kind and at the same time develop muscle.
Labrador, by virtue of its origin, is very fond of water. Wandering in puddles and even laying down in them is a true pleasure for him. But not for the owner, who will have to drag the dog into the bathtub after each walk. Take the puppy on a leash and when he rushes into a puddle, pull him, saying: You can’t! ”Then call, caress, give a treat. shouting “fu!” or “Not!” As soon as it comes out, call and praise. However, remember that whenever possible you need to let Labrador swim in the lake, river, pond. He will enjoy swimming with a ball or stick or just like that, This in itself is a beneficial physical exercise and hygienic procedure that makes skin clean and coat – beautiful and brilliant.
Using the ability to stay alone in a closed room, teach your puppy to calmly wait for you near a store or other institution where no dogs are allowed. There should be a soft collar on the dog, the chain noose is not good here. Keep in mind that some dogs, remaining tied, instantly bite the leash. Therefore, for the first exercises, it is better to use a thin light chain. Tie the puppy near the entrance so that you can, remaining unnoticed, watch him through the door or window. If your puppy is already familiar with some obedience skills, tell him to “Sit,” “Place,” or “Stay,” and leave him. It will be better if you hide quickly enough, because the appearance of the outgoing owner acts on the dog more than its absence in sight. If the puppy begins to squeal loudly and break off the leash, immediately return, but do not caress the puppy, but talk to him strictly, showing with intonation that you are unhappy with his behavior. Pull the puppy by the leash and strictly repeat: “Sit, place!” and leave again. Repeat this until the puppy remains calmly tied. If your puppy just whines when you leave, quickly disappear from sight and watch from the shelter. When the puppy calms down, go out and praise him. If it starts to bark and tear, do as described above. For proper behavior – praise and delicacy. If your pet is very nervous and doesn’t want to stay on a leash, don’t shock the audience with your educational process, transfer it to the apartment and do the same exercises, tying the puppy in the room.