Raising a puppy.
Hundreds of books have been written about the education and training of dogs. But even after reading all of them, you will not be able to raise your dog correctly, if you do not learn to understand its behavior, to reckon with its needs. If before you get a dog, you thought it over well and chose the exact breed whose content matches your abilities, the problems of upbringing will be reduced to the achievement of the following:
– accustoming to cleanliness;
– correct behavior in the house;
– decent behavior on the street.
The first nuisance you get with a little puppy is the inevitable dirtying in the house. This should be taken calmly, without undue disgust. A puppy is the same baby and he cannot stain the diaper. Anyone who is categorically against this should have an adult dog. So diapers. Every self-respecting breeder is obliged to provide the puppies, as soon as they begin to crawl, enough space so that they can do their “tricks” outside the litter – nests. Dogs are endowed with innate cleanliness and should not be forced to stain their bed. A small space next to the bedding is covered with newspapers that absorb water well. Dirty newspapers are immediately replaced by dry ones. When puppies open their eyes and begin to walk, newspapers are gradually pushed away from the nest and left only in certain places, teaching puppies to go to the toilet there. Bringing the puppy to the apartment, place it so that its “toilet” is no further than 5-6 meters from the bedding on which the puppy will sleep. Get ready for the fact that until the end of the vaccination course (and this will happen no earlier than the puppy is 3 months old) you will not be able to walk with the puppy on the street. Even if you have your own house with an isolated area that allows the puppy to go outside, do not really hope that, after playing, he will “convey” everything that he has accumulated to the street. Therefore, the toilet in the house is inevitable. The puppy needs it immediately after sleep and 10-15 minutes after eating. If the puppy made a puddle somewhere else, blot it with a newspaper and put it in the toilet seat, covering it with a dry newspaper from above, and treat the place with a puddle with deodorant. For this dangerous period, you should limit the puppy’s territory to a kitchen and a corridor or to one of the rooms where the floor is best suited for cleaning. Carpets will have to be removed at this time. At 3-4 months, the puppy can already be taken outside. If you choose the right time, the puppy will immediately do the “thing” as soon as its paws touch the ground. If he walks for a long time, sniffs the earth, but does not recover, grab a piece of newspaper from his “toilet” with the corresponding smell from the house, and put it on the ground. Try to remember the place where the puppy recovered, and take it out every time to this place. Having found his smell, he will renew it again and again. If you take out (and then bring out) a puppy every 3-4 hours, he will very quickly learn to tolerate and ask to go outside. As soon as this happens, the toilet from the newspapers can be removed.
A 6-7 month old puppy can already be punished for puddles in the apartment, but only if you find him at the “crime scene” (never punish if the puddle is made long ago), and if you are not sure that you take him out often enough, so that he can endure. The punishment should consist of slapping with a folded newspaper or with a wet rag, while in a strict voice say: “no” and all the words that are appropriate for the occasion.
Dog training for a shot
A puppy, as already mentioned, can not be raised in greenhouse conditions, without leaving the apartment or in an isolated pet cage, because it will turn out to be a dog that will be scared not only of a shot, but of everything. And, on the contrary, a puppy who grew up in an enriched environment, familiar with the noise of the city, traveling in various vehicles, with the roar of a passing train, becomes a bold service dog.
When introducing a puppy to a shot for the first time, it is advisable to shoot far enough, at about 80 meters, at a time when he is keen on a fun game or performs any hard-learned commands. If the dog has suspended the execution of actions, then it must be encouraged to continue their execution. In the future, repeat shots closer and in different situations. Very rarely there are dogs with an inborn panic fear of shots, loud sounds, and it is impossible to accustom them to a shot at all – such animals are rejected unconditionally from breeding.