The laborer’s easy gait is largely dependent on the condition of the claws. If the dog walks a lot on asphalt or other hard ground, the claws grind by themselves. But with a constant walk on a soft surface (snow, sand, grass), the nails grow very much, the paw cannot assemble into a “lump”, it becomes flat, which causes great inconvenience. It is convenient to cut the nails with a special nail clipper, and if it is not, then with ordinary nippers. Usually it is enough to cut the claws once a week, they are shortened to a small length so as not to touch the blood vessel and nerve inside the claw. Strongly grown claws should never be cut immediately to the desired length, as this can cause injury (damage to the blood vessel) and, consequently, bleeding. In addition, having experienced pain, the dog will get stress and will become very afraid of such procedures in the future. Therefore, shorten it gradually – each time by 2–3 mm, and then the blood vessels and nerve will gradually recede upward. If the dog has light claws, then the blood vessel is clearly visible inside, and also focus on the dog’s pain response. If the claw cut too short bleeds, then the wound can be sprinkled with potassium permanganate (dry) and gently pressed with a finger.
Simultaneously with the clipping procedure, inspect the paw pads, remove splinters, spines of plants, foreign pieces. It is rather difficult to fight with a fungus. It looks like small breadcrumbs at the very roots of the hair, the skin is usually slightly reddened and these places can bother the dog (itching). First of all, you need to try to ensure air access to the affected areas and make sure that the coat is dry. Before starting treatment, you need to find out the type of fungus. Ointments and sprays of a fairly wide spectrum of action are sold in pharmacies.
The nose is usually well defined by the breed standard. Its size, shape and color matter. In place of scratches, a depigmented spot may appear, disappearing with time. The surface relief of the nose in dogs is strictly individual, like a papillary pattern on a person’s fingers. Apparently, you can create a file of prints of the nose of dogs for unambiguous identification of animals instead of tattoos.
The shape, color, brilliance and expression of the eyes are essential both for the attractiveness of the animal, and for exhibition evaluation. If necessary, to correct the shape of the eyes, they sometimes resort to surgery that changes the section of the eyes by dissection of the eyelids or tightening the surrounding skin. The presence of symmetrical small scars and sutures in the eye area can serve as evidence of cosmetic intervention. The color of the iris cannot be changed, although the incentive can be significant. For example, a labrador’s eyes that are too light are a flaw bordering on vice.
Eye gloss depends on the nature of lacrimation! In aging dogs, dull eyes are caused by a beginning cataract. The expression of the dog’s eyes, in addition to its shape, significantly depends on the degree of development of the third century – the mucous membrane of the membrane at the inner corner of the eye. If the Labrador has a too large third eyelid or a twist of the century, you have to resort to surgical interventions.
Labrador eye care is reduced to processing with a special tool (lotion) for the eyes. For various diseases caused by various environmental factors, purulent conjunctivitis, etc., the eyes must be washed and wiped with medications prescribed by a doctor.
The shape of the auricle is essential in the exterior of the dog’s head. There is no need to describe the variety of pedigree variations in ear shape in dogs — they are well described in most breed atlases and dog handbooks. Labrador’s ears must not be smoothed!
Massage, vitamin therapy and micronutrient supplementation during the formation of the auricle play a significant role! To keep your Labrador’s ears clean, special ear care products will help: lotions, powders, cleansing wipes. The use of alcohol antiseptics is allowed once to prevent the development of infection, but it is better to use aqueous or oily solutions (chlorhexidine bigluconate, ear drops with fir oil, etc.). Any redness of the auricle and ear canal, excessive accumulation of sebaceous secretions (hypersecretion), unpleasant odor and itching should be the reason for going to the veterinarian.
In the upper and lower jaws are teeth. Teeth are extremely strong bone-shaped organs. Each tooth consists of a tooth crown, which protrudes above the gum and protrudes into the oral cavity, from the neck of the tooth – a slightly narrowed part to which the gum is attached, and from the root of the tooth, which is hidden in the tooth alveolus (hole) and ends with the apex. At the apex of the root there is a small hole leading to the cavity of the tooth, which is made of dental pulp, rich in blood vessels and nerves. The main mass of the tooth is dentin. The dentin crown of the tooth is covered with enamel on the outside – the hardest tissue in the body, and the dentin of the tooth root is covered with cement.