Vaccination of puppies and adult dogs
Vaccination is the only effective way to deal with a whole range of infectious diseases of dogs. It is especially important for puppies and older animals. Dogs are usually vaccinated against rabies, plague, hepatitis, parvo and coronavirus enteritis, parainfluenza and leptospirosis. Rabies vaccination is required by law and is required to obtain veterinary certificates and certificates. All information about the vaccinations is entered in the veterinary passport, which is issued by the veterinarian with the type of vaccine, the date of vaccination and the registration number in the vaccination log. This is especially important if you plan to participate in exhibitions or plan to travel with your pet around the country or abroad.
Today, both individual vaccines against each of the listed diseases have been created, as well as multivalent ones that cause immunity immediately against the entire complex of diseases. As of today, from the domestic vaccines, preparations of the Multakan and Triavak series are in increasing demand. Foreign manufacturers are represented by Pfizer (USA) with effective vaccines Vangard 5 and Vangard 7, Defensor, Duramune vaccine of the American Fort Dodge company, Intervet company with the Nobivak vaccine range and the French Merial “, which produces a series of vaccines” Hexadog “and” Eurican “These vaccines have established themselves as fairly reliable.
Before vaccination. Regardless of age, prophylactic deworming should be carried out two weeks before the intended vaccination. If the dog has any external parasites, it is necessary to get rid of them. Remember that only a completely healthy dog can be vaccinated. Observe the Labrador for at least 2–3 days to ensure that he is truly healthy.
The puppy should not be walked in places where other dogs walk until immunization is complete. You can take it out to the sun several times a day and it is better not to get away with it.
Duration of vaccination. The immunization schedule (number of vaccinations and the intervals between them) depends on the vaccine and is determined by the veterinarian. Vaccination for the entire complex of diseases is repeated at the age of one year and then annually.
After vaccination. For the formation of immunity, 2-3 weeks are needed. During this time, you should still refrain from walking with your puppy and continue to take sunbathing. For adult dogs, overfatigue, hypothermia, no swimming and no hunting at this time should be avoided! It is worth restricting communication with other dogs. Feeding should be complete, and the food should be sound.
Major infectious diseases
Carnivore plague is one of the most common, frequent and severe infectious diseases of dogs. Despite the development and use of many effective vaccines, plague is still ubiquitous.
All dogs can get the plague, regardless of age or gender. Symptoms of the plague are quite diverse, because the plague virus is able to develop in many tissues and organs. The virus is excreted by sick animals with all excreta; infection occurs mainly through the respiratory tract.
The incubation period is approximately 5 days. Clinical signs depend on the duration, severity of the disease, on what organs and tissues are affected.
The upper respiratory tract is often affected, which is expressed in the form of mucous discharge from the nose, eyes, pharyngitis and bronchitis. These symptoms are often mild and go unnoticed.
Digestive system lesions are diarrhea, which may increase as the disease progresses. Feces in sick animals are liquefied, mucous, fetid, sometimes with streaks of blood.
In sick animals, dehydration and weight loss are observed. In some cases, bubbles appear on the skin in the abdomen and inner thighs (where the skin is the thinnest). With plague, vision impairment, and even blindness, relatively often occurs.
Nervous phenomena usually begin after 1-5 weeks of illness, which occurred with clinical signs of damage to other organs. However, nervous phenomena can occur later and, conversely, the manifestation of the disease can begin immediately with nerve symptoms. In most cases, the nervous phenomena in the plague progress. The most common are deep depression, convulsions, paralysis, myoclonia (convulsive rhythmic muscle twitching).
Adenovirosis is a disease that occurs as an acute respiratory infection. Adenovirosis is characterized by an acute course and, as a rule, a favorable outcome. In the clinical manifestation, attacks of severe coughing are most typical – it seems that the dog choked.
Parainfluenza (parainfluenza) is a respiratory disease in dogs. Parainfluenza in dogs (puppies are more often ill) occurs as an acute respiratory disease, accompanied by short-term fever, cough, shortness of breath, nasal mucus. Clinical signs are especially pronounced from 5 to 10 days after infection. The outcome of the disease is usually favorable.