The dog is a predator. Its gastrointestinal tract is adapted to digest animal protein (meat and meat products). All the conversations: they say, so many years next to a person, matured, accustomed, changed and became a vegetarian – are meaningless. There is indisputable evidence: a relatively large stomach, short intestines, a specific ratio of intestinal microflora, a limited set of enzymes – the dog inherited almost unchanged form from its closest relative – the wolf. And if the horse does not occur to anyone to feed meat, or, God forbid, pour diesel fuel into his beloved car with a gasoline engine (it will be covered!), Then dogs are often offered porridge and vegetables as the main diet. But it is precisely for this reason that our pets suffer from many chronic diseases.
The health of any dog depends not only on the quality of the food product consumed by it, but also on how this product can be split into molecules available to the cells. Imagine the complexity of biochemical reactions that will decompose a piece of meat into invisible particles. And if we take into account the speed of the process, then the gastrointestinal tract can be compared with a streamlined conveyor for processing food products and delivering them to all cells of the body. So a failure in one node leads to a malfunction of the whole mechanism.
The starting node is the oral cavity. The dog hardly chews food, swallowing large enough pieces. Unlike humans, dog saliva does not contain enzymes, so it does not take part in the primary processing of food. True, it contains many mineral salts. The mineral composition of saliva, according to some veterinarians, affects the formation of tartar.
It is necessary to distinguish between vomiting and regurgitation. A dog, unlike a person, spits up food without difficulty, and even sometimes absolutely consciously. Mother bitch spits food to puppies. This is instinct. The wolf can swallow 5-6 kg of meat at a time and, burping the excess, hide and bury the “nest egg” for a rainy day.
Domestic dogs devouring and burping grass is the same instinct for cleansing the stomach of fragments of bones, bird beaks, wool and other rubbish that have settled in it. A small puppy in the company of puppies can swallow a non-chewed piece of meat and, belching it in a secluded place, chew it already with a sense, sense, arrangement. Finally, a completely healthy dog (not fed on time for some reason) can burp excess gastric juice. This … product usually looks like a foamed yellowish puddle. But if foamed puddles appear on the floor with frightening regularity and at different times of the day, then this is an alarming symptom and an occasion to consult a veterinarian. If vomiting, especially regular, debilitating, is not caused by motion sickness (in a car, plane), then this is an undoubted reason to contact a veterinarian. Vomiting can be both a harbinger and a result of the disease. There is also “nervous” vomiting caused by stomach spasms as a result of stress.
The next item is the stomach. Here, the bulk of the protein is digested. Given its relatively large size (55-60% of the total digestive tract) and a specific set of enzymes, it is easy to guess that this place was created for the digestion of meat. We add that stuffing it with porridge and vegetables leads to chronic gastritis (inflammation of the gastric mucosa) and impaired production of enzymes and gastric juice. It is also impossible to constantly feed a dog with low-quality proteins with a large amount of connective tissue (cartilage, tendons, spleen, lungs), vegetable protein (wheat, soy), since most of the protein does not break down and, therefore, is not absorbed, which subsequently leads to increased the formation of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (both are strong cellular poisons). The dog has to neutralize them with expensive metabolic processes in the liver. Constant increased load quite quickly leads to pathological changes in this important organ. In addition, a large amount of undigested protein causes dysbiosis in the large intestine.
In the guts of the killed victims, grass and cereals are almost digested and carefully processed by enzymes. This is a substance ready for assimilation, a bit like soup or porridge in a saucepan. In fact, this is unformed manure by eating which predators compensate for the lack of their own enzymes. Hence the rule: if your dog, with the stubbornness of a maniac, eats other people’s feces (human, horse) – his diet is categorically incorrectly composed! Such a dog is not a “food pervert” – coprophage *. She is treated in such an outwardly disgusting way! And the dog owner, of course, is to blame. Oatmeal, legumes, especially – harmful barley are observed in a turd almost unchanged. You can just as well feed your dog “with river sand or sawdust” for satiety. If the need compels, then still remember: cereals (rice, buckwheat, sometimes “oatmeal”) should be boiled, like vegetables, should be stewed.