If the owner of the Labrador does not plan to receive offspring from his pets and does not want to burden himself with the worries associated with caring for the animal during estrus, pregnancy and childbirth, then it is better to sterilize the dog. The use of chemical contraceptives (contrasex) for a long period violates the hormonal status of the animal, which is subsequently fraught with the development of such pathologies as: ovarian cysts, glandular hyperplasia of the uterus, uterine tumors, as well as the occurrence of hydrometers or pyometers. These pathologies are treated only surgically. In addition, if an unsterilized animal was not pregnant during life, then in old age (6-8 years, depending on the type and breed of animal), the likelihood of developing pathologies associated with reproductive organs also increases. In addition, it is scientifically proven that sterilization of an animal in an early period of life significantly reduces the risk of breast tumors, which in most cases are hormone-dependent in nature. Labradors-males during the period of sexual arousal can experience attacks of aggression even to well-known people and owners. And also there may be problems with the prostate gland. Sterilization reduces their libido and makes animals manageable. To the question: how does the behavior of animals change after sterilization? The behavior of animals in many respects depends on their temperament. And if the labrador was active and mobile before the operation, then he most likely will remain so. Some labradors gain weight after sterilization. Of course, this fact can be considered as a negative consequence of sterilization. But it must be remembered that an active exercise and a balanced diet with a low calorie content can control the body weight of the dog within its pedigree and physical norm. As another side effect, the following should be noted: sometimes in large breeds after sterilization, urinary incontinence occurs, but this usually occurs with a higher amputation of the uterus (close to the neck of the bladder).
1. It is necessary to sterilize animals from which no offspring are planned, in order to reduce the risk of breast tumors and pathology of the reproductive system. Prevention is easier than cure and more than 20 times cheaper!
2. It is necessary to sterilize animals that, in the event of pregnancy, will not be able to tolerate and give birth to offspring due to any congenital or acquired pathologies (dysplasia of the hip joints, fracture of the pelvic bones, etc.).
3. It is necessary to sterilize evil and aggressive animals for personal safety and the safety of people around.
4. Before the operation, the owner of the animal must remember that in females it is desirable to remove both the ovaries and the uterus at the same time (ovariogisteroectomy).
5. When deciding whether to sterilize or not to sterilize, the owner of the animal must always remember the responsibility that he bears before his animal. And also about a certain anesthesiological risk, since the operation is performed under general anesthesia.
This article is based on data obtained from 750 dogs and 1,200 cats that underwent ovariogysteroectomy.
– the term sterilization used in the article is intended for animal owners, as it is more easily understood. Sterilization involves the termination of the function of reproduction. In fact, ovariogisteroectomy (or orchitectomy) is called castration, i.e. removal of the gonads, followed by a lack of ability to reproduce. It is correct to call sterilization an artificial violation of the reproductive function, without removing the sex glands (ovaries or testes), while the hormone-producing function is preserved.
– tumors of the mammary glands. The twenty-year-old experience of European colleagues has reliably proved that castration of cats or bitches to the first estrus reduces the risk of OMV by 50 times.
– not all authors agree with the thesis that removal of the ovaries reduces the risk of recurrence of the removed breast cancer. As a surgical method, a total mastectomy is preferable, i.e. removal of breast cancer and unaffected packages of the mammary gland, as well as inguinal and axillary lymph nodes.
– According to statistics, urinary incontinence occurs in one of 20 females older than 6 years and larger than 35 kg. One of the factors of incontinence is a change in the tone of the urinary sphincter as a result of a change in hormonal levels.