Interesting about Labradors
Where did the name of the dog breed Labrador come from? Perhaps the geographical association with the Labrador Peninsula or with the name of the Portuguese and Spanish laborers (Lavrador) played a role. Perhaps there is a connection with the black stone labradorite or with the name of the Portuguese village of Castro Laboreiro, where the dogs guarding livestock bear a striking resemblance to labradors …
Dog of breed Labrador Dog of breed Labrador
Bjarni Herjolfssom and Leif Ericson in 986-1001 AD were the first Europeans to see and set foot on the Labrador and Newfoundland Peninsulas. And the first settlement was founded on Vinland (Labrador) in 1004 by the Icelandic navigator Thorfinn Karlsefni. On May 20, 1497, a 50-ton vessel “Matthew” (in honor of the Apostle Matvey) with a team of 18 people left Bristol. He was led by the Genoese Giovanni Caboto, who moved to England in 1490 and became John Cabot there. He was sent by Henry VII in search of islands and lands not yet discovered. In June, he discovered the shores of an unknown continent – this was the Labrador Peninsula in North America. On July 24, the British landed on the shore of an unknown island and hoisted the British flag on it. They called the island of Newfoundland (“Terra Nova – Newly Found Land”), the bank adjacent to it received the same name. John Cabot told the king that the lands he found were not rich in gold, but there were a lot of fish along the coast. Around the same time, Newfoundland was discovered by Spanish and Portuguese fishermen. From the very beginning of the 1500s, they often sailed here for fishing. St. Johns Cove was very convenient for parking merchant and fishing ships. During the British domination, it was a convenient transshipment base on the sea trade route and served simultaneously as a large fishing port. Newfoundland and Labrador were inhabited by the North American Indians, Inu and Boeotuki, Eskimos, as well as descendants of the Scandinavians. There were dogs on the islands …
Newfoundland Newfoundland Newfoundland
Their ancestors lived in Newfoundland
It was here that the type of water dog was formed, which possessed outstanding natural inclinations. The history of dogs on the island is rather vague.
According to Professor Michael Woods, a Waterdog breeder from Canada, the Viking dogs, who arrived in North America in the 1st century, as well as the Basque dogs, which were on the Labrador Peninsula in the 2nd century AD, took part in the formation of the breed. Labradors were first mentioned in 1593. In the vessel’s diary of the Mary Gold vessel, sailing from the Atlantic Ocean to St. Lawrence Bay between the islands of Newfoundland and Cape Breton, there is a record of the team meeting with local Newfoundland residents “who were accompanied by black dogs of the smaller size of a greyhound that followed on their heels. “These were large dogs with long wavy hair, which the locals used as harness dogs (for transporting food, utensils, firewood). This was their main job. It was suggested that these dogs if it’s a rescue service, pulling people out of the water. Even marauders allegedly used them to take cargo from sinking ships that crashed off the coast of the island. However, strange as it may seem, most Western dog handlers refute this theory. Thus, D. Griffin believes these dogs were extremely massive and heavy, even small waves “twisted” them. The dog quickly lost strength and could not resist the elements. Another species of dogs from Newfoundland is the so-called St. John’s. He was much smaller than his brother and lighter in type. Its size roughly corresponded to the size of the pointer. The color was also black, and the coat was thick and oily to the touch, completely impervious to water. Wool gave dogs great advantages, because when leaving cold water, it was not covered with ice crusts. The dog swam, according to eyewitnesses, as a piece of fat. This live bobber could be among the waves for a very long time, it seemed that neither cold nor fatigue took it. In the literal sense – a water dog. During migrations of waterfowl, in spring and autumn, the dog was an indispensable assistant to hunters – it was persistent, swam perfectly and effortlessly aorted downed goose-sized bird. Even then, these dogs were occasionally called retrievers. With a wide chest, powerful with excellent muscles and well-formed limbs, slowly and stubbornly doing their job, with a good-natured temperament and a desire to please people. In the offseason they also didn’t mess around, serving faithfully to fishermen: they helped to draw nets, removed objects dropped from the water, even threw themselves into the water for cod jumping out of the boats and took mooring lines from the side of fishing barges and ships.
Dog fishermen really appreciated. Dogs were indispensable helpers, had a wonderful character, were not spiteful, friendly to people, quickly learned commands and elements of training, served as fun for children.