Pregnancy and childbirth Labrador
So your dog is mated. Pregnancy or pregnancy – the period from conception to childbirth. From the first knit this period is 63 days. Puppies on the 59th or 66th day are normal.
Dogs, like humans, may experience vomiting in the morning. This is usually observed at 3-4 weeks of gestation and is associated with hormonal changes and uterine distension. At this time, it is recommended to feed the bitch several times a day in small portions, you can also consult with a veterinarian about a medicine to relax the tone of the uterus.
The first half of pregnancy, you can feed the dog as usual, deworming, if you did not do this before mating. It is necessary to increase the duration of walks in the fresh air, and from the second half of pregnancy switch to a diet for puppy bitches. Of course you can feed the dog with natural feed, but this is not rational, anyway, if you have laundry detergent, use laundry soap from the principle. A puppy bitch needs about 1.5 kg of meat per day to cover energy costs and not touch the reserves of her own body, in addition, vitamins and mineral elements in a certain proportion, as well as carbohydrates and fats are needed. All this is contained in concentrated, finished, dry feed. It is better to use professional feeds “Hill’s”, “Eucanuba”, or “Diamond”, “Purina Pro Plan” and some others. These companies produce a large number of brands of feed, including for pregnant bitches. The main rule for the use of dry feed – you can not deviate from the manufacturer’s recommendations on feeding indicated on the packaging and in no case should the dosage be exceeded. More than 10 years ago, for the first time, I started feeding dogs dry food and my own female bred puppies safely, got pregnant, fed a litter of 7 puppies (moreover, she fed milk for more than two months), the weight loss was extremely small, the coat did not lose at all and the molting was almost gone imperceptibly. Compared with the condition with the previous mating and natural feeding, I felt a significant difference.
External signs of whelping
An increase in the abdomen, as well as the weight of the dog, before birth is no more than 35-30 days
Vaginal edema, the appearance of transparent mucous discharge before childbirth is not more than 20 days
Swelling of the mammary glands, through the wall of the abdomen, puppies can be probed before the birth no more than 15-10 days
Through the wall of the abdomen, you can see an active stir of the fetus before birth, no more than 7-10 days
Lowering body temperature, the appearance of colostrum before birth is no more than 3-2 days
Lowering the temperature by 1.5-2 degrees, a significant decrease in appetite or refusal of feed before delivery remains no more than 1 day
A puppy bitch needs a daily exercise in the form of non-tiring walks, and the first half of pregnancy can not be limited, but in the second half it is necessary to limit the bitch in sudden movements, jumps, energetic movements.
Manege with special stops for the bitch so that she does not
could pin down puppies and with a reflector to heat the kids.
The time of birth is approaching. The bitch should give birth at home, in a familiar environment. Sometimes unfamiliar surroundings, strangers in the house lead to a delay and suspension of childbirth. I personally know one such labrador bitch who does not give birth while someone is in the same room with her. The nest for puppies should be placed in a calm and quiet place where no one will bother the bitch. The optimal size of the arena for a Labrador female with puppies is 150 x 200 cm. The walls of the crate are made so high that the grown puppies cannot crawl out of it on their own. on the one hand, you need to make a mother hole and a door that can be closed. At the bottom of the arena you need to lay a sufficient layer of newspapers and change them as they become dirty. An old blanket or piece of faux fur should be placed on top of the newspapers so that the puppies can lean their paws well.
Before giving birth, the dog loses its appetite, becomes restless, begins to dig a litter, is excited, breathing quickens. A day before the birth itself, the rectal temperature drops by 1.5 – 2 degrees, but at the time of delivery the temperature rises. The birth process can be divided into three stages – the opening of the cervix, the birth of puppies and the birth of afterbirths. During the first period, the bitch breathes very hard, attempts begin – a chaotic contraction of the muscles of the uterus, while the puppy moves from the horns to the uterus. During contractions or contraction of the uterus, the puppy is pushed to her neck and she opens. At the same time, the abdominal muscles contract and the puppy moves into the vagina. Here begins the second period of labor. A parabolic bubble emerges from the loop, bursts, flowing amniotic fluid of a light straw color irrigates the birth canal and the puppy is born. A good mother always seeks to treat the puppy herself, she tears the fetal bladder with her teeth, gnaws off the umbilical cord and carefully licks the puppy, massaging it with her tongue and stimulating breathing and blood circulation.